Neighbouring Cultures Of Istanbul (Thrakia-Bithynia) and Byzantium
The Directorate of Istanbul Archaeology Museums that is stylish on the general Directorate of Monuments and Museums of the Ministry of tradition of the Republic of Turkey is on the Osman Hamdi Bey Ascent that opens to the Topkapı Palace Museum from the proper of the Gülhane Park Entry which is within the Sultanahmet district.
Istanbul Archaeology Museums consist of three museums. Those are Archaeology Museum, old jap Works Museum and Enameled Kiosk Museum.
Istanbul Archaeology Museums, that have been established as Müze-i Humayun (Empire Museum) by the noted artist and museum director Osman Hamdi Bey on the finish of the nineteenth century, have been opened to public on June thirteen, 1891. Besides its value as the “first Turkish museum”, it has an value and strong point of being some of the museum buildings that are built as a Museum on this planet. Today, it still protects its first rate position on the planet’s greatest museums with its works greater than one million belonging to quite a lot of cultures.
In the museum collections, there are wealthy and really primary artworks belonging to quite a lot of civilizations from the regions from Balkans to Africa, from Anatolia and Mesopotamia to Arab Peninsula and Afghanistan that have been within the borders of the Ottoman Empire.
The Archaeology Museum consists of two separate structures.
I) predominant building (old building)
Its building was began in 1881 by using Osman Hamdi Bey and with the additions in 1902 and 1908 it gained its ultra-modern form. Its architect is Alexander Vallaury. The outer face of the constructing was once made by inspiring from the İskender Tomb and Crying females tombs. It’s a gorgeous instance of neoclassical buildings in Istanbul.
On the upper ground of the two storey building there are small stone works, pots and pans, small terracotta statues, the Treasure division and roughly 800.000 Ottoman cash, seals, decorations, medals and Non-Muslim and Muslim Coin cabinets, wherein coin moulds have been stored, and a Library with approximately 70.000 books.
On the backside ground saloons of the building, famous tombs are displayed similar to İskender Tomb, Crying ladies Tomb, Satrap Tomb, Lykia Tomb, Tabnit Tomb which can be within the Sayda king graveyard.
On the bottom floor, besides the show of tombs, there’s historic Age Statuary display wherein statues and reliefs from most important antic cities and areas are displayed. In this display, the progress of the artwork of statuary from the Archaic interval to the Byzantium interval is displayed in chronological order with remarkable examples.
The further constructing attached to the southeast of the principal constructing is of 6 storeys. There are depots in the two storeys beneath the bottom flooring.
The 4 storeys of the constructing are organized as exhibition saloons. There may be an inscription “Istanbul for a while” on the primary flooring of the constructing, “Anatolia and Troia for a while” on the second floor and “Surrounding Cultures of Anatolia: Cyprus, Syria-Palestine” on the highest floor. There is little one Museum and architectural works display on the first flooring of the additional constructing. The Thrakia-Bithynia and Byzantium display saloon, which used to be opened in August 1998, may also be visited on the ground with the identify of “Surrounding Cultures of Istanbul”.
The museum has received the ecu Council Museum Award in 1991, which is its 100. Institution Anniversary, with the new association made within the decrease ground saloons and the further building show.
The building, which used to be constructed by way of Osman Hamdi Bey in 1883 as Sanayi-i Nefise (nice Arts institution), used to be geared up as a museum with the works made between 1917-1919 and 1932-1935. The building, which was once closed for visits in 1963, was reopened once more in 1974 with a brand new display with the aid of changing the inner ingredients.
On the upper flooring of the two-storey building, Anatolian, Mesopotamian, Egyptian and Arabic works of art are displayed. Statue of Naramsin, the king of Akad, the Kadeş contract and Zincirli statue are the precise works of art in the museum.
In addition, in this museum there’s a “tablet Archive” wherein seventy five.000 documents with cuneiform writings are stored.
ENAMELED KIOSK MUSEUM
The kiosk that has been made by means of Fatih Sultan Mehmet in 1472 is without doubt one of the oldest examples of Ottoman civil architecture in Istanbul. It has been used as Müze-i Hümayun (Empire Museum) in between 1875-1891. It was once opened to public in 1953 with the identify of Fatih Museum the place Turkish and Islamic artworks were displayed and it was once transferred to Istanbul Archaeology Museums due to its site.
The entrance façade of the kiosk is single-flat and the back façade is of two-storeyed. There’s a marble porch of 14 columns in the entrance. The doorway exedra is adorned with mosaic enamels. Quite a lot of chinaware and ceramics from the Seljuk and Ottoman period are displayed in the Kiosk that consists of 6 rooms and a center saloon. There are roughly 2000 artworks in the museum and its depots.