Priene, although estimated to have had no more than 3,000 residents around 300 BC was nevertheless important as a site for Ionian congresses and festivals. The Meander River wound through the plain below, eventually depositing enough silt to close up the harbor. Because of this the Romans refrained from building here when they conquered the area, so what remains are unusually Hellenistic (Greek) ruins.
The streets of Priene were laid out in a deliberate grid, a precursor to modern city design. Priene’s ruins are among the most attractive on Turkey’s west coast. Conspicuous by their absence is the immense Roman structures so familiar at other sites. Priene’s buildings are small and intimate, a feeling, which pervades the entire setting.
Didyma, ancient sanctuary and seat of an oracle of Apollo, located south of Miletus. Before being plundered and burned by the Persians (c. 494 BC), the sanctuary was in the charge of the Branchids, a priestly caste named after Branchus, a favourite youth of Apollo. After Alexander the Great conquered Miletus (334), the oracle was resanctified; the city administered the cult, annually electing a prophet.About 300 BC the Milesians began to build a new temple, intended to be the largest in the Greek world. The annual festival held there, the Didymeia, became Panhellenic in the beginning of the 2nd century BC. Excavations made between 1905 and 1930 revealed all of the uncompleted new temple and some carved pieces of the earlier temple and statues.
Miletus Ancient Theater is the most well-preserved theatre in the West Anatolia. A Byzantine castle was build with the stones taken from the sitting areas at the top of theatre. The theater was damaged severely in the Byzantine Age. The theater had a sitting capacity of 5300 people during the Hellenistic Period. The capacity was increased to 19.000 people during the Roman Period.
Ionic Stoa was built during the Roman Emperor Claudius. The Ceremony Road is 100 meters and its width is 28 meters and has pavements of 5 meters on each side.
Itinerary of the tour
Meet in hotel lobby and depart in the morning for Priene which in its time was one of the most spectacular of all the Ancient Ionians Cities. After the visit here we then travel on to Miletus with its magnificent theatre and the Byzantine fortress on the acropolis above. Last, but not least, visit Didyma. Here you will find the largest Ionic Temple in the world, that of Apollo. Also in Didyma lies the huge, cracked head of Medusa which long ago fell from the frieze. Lunch is included
We will drop you off your hotel in Kusadasi or Selcuk
We can drop you off bus station and help you for your bus ticket for your next destination.